ag亚游集团官网下载|首页写作需求留意的语法禁区

文章2019-06-11 16:16:250人围观



  ag亚游集团官网下载|首页写作相对听、说和读来说比较耗时伤神;部分考生拿到作文题,不知该怎么着笔,全无思路;写作比较片面,“烤鸭们”通过一两次的操练后,不像听力和阅览相同知道自己的过错地点,感觉看不到显着的前进和提高,失掉写作动力和热情等等。

  关于ag亚游集团官网下载|首页考试。通常在ag亚游集团官网下载|首页考试的听、说、读、写四项中,我国考生在写作单项上分数最低,并且在全世界排名也处于较低水平,乃至低于邦邻印度。究其原因,剖析以为以下几点要素不容忽视。

  一、眼高手低,疏于操练

  写作相对听、说和读来说比较耗时伤神;部分考生拿到作文题,不知该怎么着笔,全无思路;写作比较片面,“烤鸭们”通过一两次的操练后,不像听力和阅览相同知道自己的过错地点,感觉看不到显着的前进和提高,失掉写作动力和热情等等。这些要素导致注定他们大部分不能成为多产的“烤鸭”,乃至有些考生在上战场前,一篇作文都未曾操练过。试问,像这种状况考生怎么能拿高分?

  针对这种状况,给咱们的主张是:考生作文想考6-6.5分,首要巨细作文至少各操练10-15篇,其次,必定要有专业教师的修改和feedback, 不然,即便写了千百篇也是徒劳无益,至多也仅仅训练到了写作速度,除此之外,考生也必定要总结和改正之前作文的不良之处,这样才干得到真实意义上的前进,不然,前两步也只会是meaningless。

ag亚游集团官网下载|首页写作需求留意的语法禁区

  二、语法输出功底较差

  我国学生的语法本应该是不错的,从初中到大学,咱们的课堂上不断地学习语法常识,英语测验中都有许多的语法挑选题。可是风趣的是,一到ag亚游集团官网下载|首页写作就彻底不行了。这说明了一个问题,其实我国学生的语法不差,常识不会运用在写作上,缺少自动输出的才能。一起,汉语和英语的确有许多不同。比如说,Iam of the former for the following reasons. 而不能说because of the followingreasons. 或许也可以说Iam of the former for the following factors. 所以汉语说“我支撑前者由于以下原因”翻译成英语时应依照英文表达习气,不然依照汉语惯性思想简单写出英语错句。

  三、汉语思想影响

  我国学生大多数都是用汉式思想来构思文章,然后再用英语表达出来或许说翻译出来。这样,很简单导致一些过错,例如,“现在越来越多的人挑选出国留学。”这句话,许多学生依照汉语直接翻译出来的版本是:“Nowadays, there aremore and more people choose to study abroad.”此句有语法过错,主句中有两个谓语动词,应改成“Nowadays, there aremore and more people who choose to study abroad.”或“Nowadays, there aremore and more people choosing to study abroad.”

  在长时刻的ag亚游集团官网下载|首页教育和阅览许多的学生习作的过程中,朗阁海外考试研究中心的专家发现,我国学生的ag亚游集团官网下载|首页写作过错惊人的相似。在通过细心的收拾和挑选后,这些过错被分成了七大类,并附上学生例句作为负面教材,以及剖析和修改版例句。

  1. 双谓语错句

  e.g. For thoseunder 26, there were 80% students study for career.

  There be句型归于双谓语错句高发句型,由于句中的be动词已经是谓语,而语句后边的动词通常是定语从句中的成分,故不能作为主句中的谓语。例句中一起呈现了“were”和“study”,依据上面的剖析,were应该是谓语,而studyfor career应该是定语从句,因而,例句应修改改成:

  For those under 26,there were 80% students who studied for career. 或许For those under 26, therewere 80% students studying for career.

  又如:Causes for this phenomenonare comprehensive but the major reasons contribute to this problem can beidentified from three perspectives.应改成:

  Causes for thisphenomenon are comprehensive but the major reasons contributing/whichcontribute to this problem can be identified from three perspectives.

  2. 语句不完好

  e.g. The mostpopular kind of transport was by road.

  句中主语是the most popular kind oftransport,谓语动词(系动词)是was,而byroad依照语法应该是方法状语,此句缺少表语。应改成:

  The most popularkind of transport was road.

  又如:Many factories in order toget more profits, which made waste water and waste gas.

  去除意图状语“inorder to get more profits”和非限制性定语从句“which made waste water and waste gas”, 剩余的是many factories, 不能作为一个语句。依据此句想表达的意思,应改为:

  Many factories inorder to get more profits made waste water and waste gas.

  3. 主系表结构运用过错

  e.g. We areimpossible to make any progress without correcting the mistakes.

  此句的骨干结构是:we are impossible“咱们是不或许”,表意不对。这种表达在英语中对应的句型是:Itis…for…to…, 所以应该改成:

  It is impossiblefor us to make any progress without correcting the mistakes.

  相似的过错例句还有:People are veryconvenient to get information on the Internet. His profession is a teacher.

  4. 神态动词后的动词原形和动名词的运用犯错

  e.g. Anotherequally vital point to be considered is that building them may costs much moneyand energy.

  这种过错或许是笔误,在ag亚游集团官网下载|首页作文中偶然呈现不至于扣分,可是通篇都是这样的过错,那么肯定是有影响的。

  e.g. Another pointto be discussed is that more time spending on computers is harmful tochildren’s mental health.

  “花更多时刻在电脑上”这个动词短语作为主语应该要用动名词方式:

  Another point to bediscussed is that spending more time on computers is harmful to children’smental health.

  5. 标点符号用错

  e.g. As far as I amconcerned, people should take exercise and relax themselves on a weekly basis.Because it offers great opportunities to release their stress.

  Because引导的语句做原因状语从句,既然是从句,那么前面就不应该运用句号使其独立成句,而应该改成逗号,because首字母小写。

  6. 词性运用过错

  e.g. One possiblesolution is using the new energy to instead of the traditional energy.

  Instead of是介词,而这儿构成todo(不定式),只能用动词。因而,可改为:

  One possiblesolution is using the new energy to replace the traditional energy.

  e.g. Nowadays, somestudents study many subjects in university, which leads to that they suffergreat mental pressure.

  Lead to中to是介词,后边不能直接加语句,因而可在leadsto后加一名词,构成同位语从句:

  Nowadays, somestudents study many subjects in university, which leads to the fact that theysuffer great mental pressure. 或Nowadays,some students study many subjects in university, which makes them suffer greatmental pressure.

  7. 从句的误用和乱用

  e.g. The reason whyI assert it is necessary for government to provide better education and healthcare for rural areas because it can ensure all citizens to have access to them.

  “why…rural areas”在句中作thereason的定语,固定句式“the reason why…isthat…”why引导的定语从句和that引导的表语从句连用,气势磅礴,这便是所谓的高分句型。

  e.g. In this essay,I will discuss what those, who are two kinds of people in this topic, are how tothink and how to choose. 实再迂回悠扬,不知所云。

  除了上面所列其间语法过错状况以外,常见语法过错还包含:主谓共同,时态,特别句型(如倒装句,着重句等)运用过错以及逻辑问题等。

  期望众考生能多练笔,给教师修改。把常犯的过错记下来,剖析过错的成因,在今后的操练中提示自己不要再犯。只需这样坚持一段时刻,信任youcan make a difference。